About Diaspora

The Issue at Hand

The debate surrounding the right of Greek citizens living abroad to vote in Greek elections from their countries of residence suffers from a lack of objective, independently-collected data on the relationship Greeks living abroad maintain with the Greek state.

Drawing from the European Court of Human Rights’ (ECHR) Sitaropoulos case (2012), this survey fills this gap by assessing whether Greek citizens living abroad today have meaningful links to the Greek state, defined as whether Greek citizens are able to participate in public dialogue, are able to influence the positions of political parties and the selection of candidates, and are impacted by the laws legislated by Greece’s elected parliament.


These three criteria were evaluated by a series of seven proxies which were tested for directly through this survey, namely Greek Education and Language, Awareness of Developments, Knowledge of Party Positions, Political Activity, Military Service, Residency in Greece, and Assets in Greece.


This single survey was distributed to two representative samples: a) 800 Greek citizens living in Greece; and b) 800 Greek citizens living abroad.

Hence, if the survey indicates that sample of Greek citizens living abroad has a demonstrably weaker link to the Greek state than the sample of Greek citizens living in Greece, the result would be evidence against external voting. However, if the sample of Greek citizens living abroad proves to have a comparably strong or stronger link, the result would constitute substantive evidence in favor of legislating a consulate-voting or absentee-ballot legal framework.

Our Methodology

Our partner, Kapa Research conducted two opinion surveys on Greek citizens currently living inside and outside Greece. The surveys collected views and attitudes related to electoral participation in Greece. Kapa Research was responsible for all fieldwork, data collection processes, weighting and analyses.

Respondents were asked to fill in a structured questionnaire covering the following issues:

  • keeping bonds with Greece;
  • familiarity with Greek citizenship rights and obligations;
  • awareness of developments in Greece;
  • voting;
  • and demographics.

The final questionnaire was comprised of a total of 18 questions, designed by the Synpraxis Diaspora team in cooperation with Kapa Research.

Our Results

Below you can find a brief overview of our findings. For a more detailed look, please consult with the complete report analysis and slides, which you can download above.